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Archaeological China unveils splendid Chinese civilization

Updated: 2021-12-08 14:39 ( CGTN )
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People visit the Sanxingdui Museum in Guanghan, Southwest China's Sichuan province, Oct 30, 2021.[Photo/Xinhua]

Since March of this year, the dizzying new archaeological excavations at the Sanxingdui site have continued to wow the world. The golden masks, bronze sacred trees, bronze altars, and many other national-level cultural relics highlight the imagination of Shu civilization.

To discuss the future protection and development of such treasures, archaeological experts from China's Sanxingdui site and Italy's Pompeii ancient city launched a two-week international academic seminar on the protection and utilization of cultural heritage in the two countries this year. The cooperation between Sanxingdui and Pompeii is also the epitome of the dialogue between the ancient and splendid Chinese civilization and the world in the progress of archaeological excavation.

China's 5,000-year history has created a broad and profound Chinese civilization, and the state attaches great importance to archaeological work.

Chinese President Xi Jinping has called for developing archaeology with Chinese features, style and ethos, so as to better understand the ancient, extensive and profound Chinese civilization and provide strong support for carrying forward China's fine traditional culture and enhancing cultural confidence.

With the strong support of the country, many archaeological teams have made great achievements in China in recent years.

In July last year, Liangzhu relic site in Hangzhou, the capital of China's Zhejiang province, the sacred land of more than 5,000 years of Chinese civilization, was recognized as a World Heritage site by UNESCO.

A distant view of the Neolithic Shijiahe Site.[Photo/CGTN]

As an example of Liangzhu culture, the Liangzhu Archaeological Site is hailed as one of the most important heritage sites of the Neolithic Age in China, and the greatest feature of this cultural site is jade wares. Representing the Chinese civilization between 3,300 BC and 2,300 BC, the Liangzhu relic site is roughly contemporaneous with the Old Kingdom period in ancient Egypt.

Over the past 80 years, generations of archaeologists have developed a complete picture of the early civilization of Liangzhu ancient city site with tireless exploration.

The ruins of Liangzhu city were discovered in 2007, and later in 2009, the large dam sites surrounding the city were unearthed. Archaeologists also found that the Liangzhu ancestors started to use characters about 5,000 years ago, which pushed forward China's history of writing more than 1,000 years.

Liangzhu ancient site is just one example.

Neolithic Shijiahe Site complex in Shijiahe town, Central China's Hubei province further reveals the general trend of production specialization and social stratification in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River during the late Neolithic Period. The Yuyao Jingtou Mountain site, Zhejiang Province has made a major breakthrough in China's marine culture archaeology and marine environment research.

These major projects of "archaeological China" have enriched information on the origin and development history of Chinese civilization through a step by step research.

Professional talent is the key to the development of archaeology.

At the beginning of the introduction of modern archaeology to China, Peking University set up an archaeology research office. In 1952, PKU established the first archaeology major among Chinese universities. Su Bingqi, Su Bai, Zou Heng, Lu Zunge, Yu Weichao, Zhang Zhongpei, Yan Wenming... These shining names make Peking University a veritable cradle of Chinese archaeologists.

Not only PKU, in the past 30 years, the archaeology department of Northwest University, Xi'an, China has formed a "trinity" discipline system of archaeology, cultural relic protection technology, and cultural heritage management.

"We are committed to establishing the discourse system of Chinese archaeology, showing the extensive and profound Chinese civilization to the international community, explaining the splendid achievements of Chinese civilization and its major contributions to human civilization, and letting the world know about Chinese history and the spirit of the Chinese nation," asserted Wang Jianxin, director of the Silk Road Archaeology Center at Northwestern University.

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The news conference of the 2022 China International Travel Mart, Kunming, Yunnan province. [Photo/Chinaculture.org]

The 2022 China International Travel Mart was launched in Kunming, Yunnan province today. The three-day event opened at the Kunming Dianchi Lake International Convention and Exhibition Centre, with a theme focusing on smart innovation and high-quality tourism industry aspects.

The news conference was held in the city on Thursday. Zhang Xilong, first class inspector of the Bureau of the International Communication and Cooperation of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of China and Lou Kewei, deputy-director of the Department of Culture and Tourism of Yunnan province presented the meeting along with academy and entrepreneur representatives.

The conference introduced the preparations and relevant activities of the mart, such as a forum on smart tourism and innovation, a symposium on international travel communication and cooperation in the framework of Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) and a workshop on the China-Laos railway’s contribution to building an Asian community with a shared future.

According to the news meeting, the 2022 travel mart covers about 80,000 square meters, with about 4,200 standard booths. 71 countries and regions attended the event both online and offline, and 31 domestic provinces, cities and autonomous regions and 261 independent exhibition teams.

Online services will be provided to the overseas buyers and sellers in the light of time zones. They could also have a face-to-face negotiation at the mart as well.

The mart also has diverse displays to show culture and tourism, physical education and tourism, as well as overseas tourism and museums.

The National Cultural Heritage Administration, the Palace Museum and museums from other provinces will attend the travel mart.

At the event, Yunnan province will have 2,000 standard booths in four separate sections; each will show culture tourism, healthy lifestyles, physical education tourism and culture tourism consumption.

The travel mart will also stick to the rules of pandemic prevention and control while having the activities go on smoothly.

The news conference of the 2022 China International Travel Mart, Kunming, Yunnan province. [Photo/Chinaculture.org]
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