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Updated: 2006-11-19 15:17:15

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The well-trained dancers transform their formations regularly. Their actions are standard and the performance has a strong local flavor. About 100 kinds of formations (or team patterns) are preserved. Of all the yangges in China, the drum yangge has the most diversified formation.

III Jiaozhou Yangge

Declarer: Jiaozhou City,Shandong Province

Jiaozhou Yangge, one of the three yangge forms in Shandong Province, is also known as Ground Yangge. It originated in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) and is prevalent in Xiaotun Village, Jiaozhou City. It is a collective dance usually composed of dozens of performers, who are divided into six roles: gaoyaoke, cuihua, shannv, xiaochou, bangchui and guzi. The dance reflects the particular countryside charm, and is valuable for its aesthetics and information for artistic research. .

IV Haiyang Dayangge Declarer: Haiyang City, Shandong Province

Dayangge (literally "big yangge"), one of the three yangge forms found in Shandong Province, is a collective folk dance incorporating songs, dances and operas. It is popular in Haiyang City, south of Shandong Peninsula. Since its rise in theMing Dynasty(1368-1644), local people have been dancing it to celebrate festivals and important occasions. Its performance has a distinct local flavor and its formation is strictly structured into three groups: the leaders, the music band and the dancers.

Haiyang Yangge is grand in scale, involving many characters. It is comprised of solo dances, pas de deux and group dances, performing things such as riding a donkey and rowing a land boat, with lively, interesting and lifelike plots, which enjoy wide popularity among the masses of farmers and city dwellers.

V Yangge in Northern Shaanxi

Declarer: Suide County, Shaanxi Province

In northern Shaanxi Province, the yangge is called "Nao yangge", and is mainly found in theYulin,Yan'an, Suide, and Mizhi areas, with Suide being the center of Northern Shaanxi yangge.

The yangge team of each village dances to the rhythm of the drums. They dance either in large groups of a dozen to a hundred people, or in two or three-person groups. They dance to get rid of evil, to celebrate the coming spring and express their wish for a good harvest.

The santou (leading performer) must be good at singing traditional songs and composing new songs impromptu so as to respond to different occasions. When he sings, the others will repeat his last sentence. The performance is simple and lively, reflecting the simple, honest and optimistic personality of the local people.

VI Fushun Ground Yangge

Declarer: Fushun City,Liaoning Province

Fushun Ground Yangge, also known as Manchurian yangge with its unique local characteristics, is most popular in the areas where the Manchu people originated. The dance formed in the early Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). It is similar to the Ground Yangge of Hebei in form, but the performers usually wear Manchurian clothes. The dance is free and brisk, imitating the valor of a tribe (Manchu) excelling in horsemanship and marksmanship, as well as the primitive life of fishing and hunting.

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