Songjiang District of Shanghai City was once renowned for its perch, the Trachidermus fasciatus species, meaning four-gilled perch. In fact, Trachidermus fasciatus, together with Taihu Lake whitebait, Yellow River carp, and Yangtze River reeve shad, is one of China’s Four Famous Fish. Yexiu Bridge Hotel in Songjiang is celebrated for its four-gilled perch dishes. Tourists flock there to taste exquisite dishes including steamed perch with scallions and black beans, braised perch in brown sauce, perch consommé and perch meatballs.
The poet Fan Chengda of the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279) once lauded the tender and delicate meat of Huangpu River’s acclaimed perch. In fact, this kind of perch has been the subject of literary works for thousands of years because of its tasty reputation. It is said that as far back as the Western Jin Dynasty (265-316), a government official named Zhang Han from Songjiang who served in the capital city Luoyang was so homesick for four-gilled perch that he gave up his high-ranking post to return home where he could eat the flavorsome fish whenever he wanted.