The museum collects insect specimens from all over the world, including many mode specimens, 50,000 pieces in total. In addition, it has also collected the ecological films and slides of the insects in Taiwan Province, the sound recording of insect chirpings and folk handicrafts related to insects. On display in the exhibition hall are around 30,000 insect exhibits in 10,000 varieties, kept in the 600-odd boxes, including the rare specimen of hermaphroditic butterfly, known all over the world. The museum has also made a 3-D model of the Butterfly Valley area in Taiwan. Ecological films and photos of butterflies are played and shown in the museum and live insects are sometimes displayed in spring and summer.
The luxurious parlor of the museum in Chinese classic style is known as an inset palace with its decoration of 16,000 specially processed specimens of butterfly and insects decorated from the ground to the ceiling.
The popular science activities of the museum are very active, giving instruction and assistance to teachers in their teaching of insects, providing all kinds of slides and films, and sponsoring competitions, lectures and collections related to insects.