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Guangfu: 2,600 Years Old, Birthplace of Tai Chi

Updated: 2012-08-10 10:04

Another famous master, Wu Yuxiang, traveled to South China to learn local martial arts and created Wu-style tai chi chuan.

About 80 percent of the 300 million tai chi practitioners worldwide follow either Yang or Wu-style tai chi.

Today in Guangfu, most residents know tai chi chuan. Locals say kids begin when they start to walk and the martial art is still popular among the elderly, some of them 99 years old.

A number of its tai chi masters have made great efforts to promote tai chi and its culture abroad.

Since 1991, Guangfu has held the Yongnian International Tai Chi Chuan Festival that attracts the attention of followers worldwide and brought vitality to the ancient town.

Guangfu's attraction is not limited to tai chi enthusiasts. It has its own allure for those who want to explore the local details of China's ancient history.

The town is said to have been founded in the Spring and Autumn Period (476-770BC).

It was once the capital of the Xia Kingdom during the chaotic years of the later Sui Dynasty (AD 581-618).

Today the ancient city walls built during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) are intact.

Inside the walls, the 1.5-square-kilometer ancient town has four streets and eight lanes lined by old, traditional structures.

In the east, Hongji Bridge has retained its original Sui Dynasty design, but its great age was recently dwarfed by animal fossils from the Ordovician period more than 400 million years ago discovered near its buttress.

Guangfu is a renowned water town in North China because it lies at the center of the Yongnian Marsh, the fourth-largest wetland in Hebei province. Over the centuries, a complete drainage and water management system has taken form.

Its Xibazha water gate project built during the Ming and Qing dynasties still operates well. It is also the pivotal part of an irrigation system that nourishes thousand of hectares of fertile farmlands outside the ancient town.

By Liu Xiang

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