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Shandong Qinshu

Updated: 2013-01-10 10:37

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Accompanied by the dulcimer, erhu (two-stringed bowed instrument), sihu (four-stringed bowed instrument) and other instruments, Shandong Qinshu is performed with a clear Shandong accent.

Originating from the regional folk art in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), it can be performed by a standing performer, more than two sitting performers or in the form of aria-singing without make-up.

Until the mid-Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), its original musical instruments -- seven-stringed plucked instruments and zheng (zither) -- were changed to dulcimer, zither, pipa, and others. Shandong Qinshu formed three different genres with representative singers in three different areas -- the south, north and east, respectively. It also prevails in the southwest, northwest and Jiaodong areas of Shandong.

Shandong Qinshu played an important role in the development of Luju Opera in Shandong. However, it is now facing unprecedented challenges from the tremendous changes of modern cultural life and needs urgent protection.

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