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Military Museum of Chinese People's Revolution

Updated: 2008-01-18 18:00:39

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The Military Museum of the Chinese People's Revolution is China's first comprehensive museum of military history. Located at Fuxing Road of Beijing, the museum was completed in July 1959 and opened to the public on August 1, 1960.

The museum is composed of two four-storeyed wings and a seven-storeyed main building topped with the gilded emblem of the Chinese People's Liberation Army. The museum has a construction area of about 60,000 square meters, of which more than 42,000 square meters is for exhibition halls.

The museum has a collection of over 120, 000 ancient, modern and contemporary military relics, including daggers of the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476BC), the Huns'iron swords of the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220), cannons used in the Opium War, the seal of Zuo Zongtang (one of the important warlords in the early years of the Republic of China), a telescope used by Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai, and a pistol used by Zhu De during the Nanchang Uprising, etc. Besides, the museum has over 45,000-odd historical photographs, 67,000 documents and more than 4,500 artworks.

There are nine exhibition halls. The exhibition halls of the Second Civil Revolutionary War (1927-1937), the War of Resistance Against Japan (1937-1945) and the Third Civil Revolutionary War (1945-1949) depict the 28 years from the founding of the Chinese Communist Party in 1921 to the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949. The exhibition hall of the Protection of Socialist Revolution and Construction introduces how the People's Liberation Army safeguarded the national security, safeguarded and took part in the socialist construction, and carried out self-development and modernization. The exhibition hall of the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea displays the history of Chinese People's Volunteers fighting against the US aggression shoulder to shoulder with the Korean army from October 1950 to July 1953. The exhibition hall of arms displays armament and booties of the People's Liberation Army and Chinese People's Volunteers, and some ancient arms.

The other three exhibition halls set up after the year 1983 include sections of the First Revolutionary Civil War (1924-1927), Ancient Wars and Modern Wars.

The museum has launched exhibitions such as the Exhibition of Learning from Comrade Lei Feng, the Exhibition of Contributions of Zhu De, Peng Dehuai, He Long, Chen Yi and Luo Ronghuan, the Exhibition of Armament Technological Renovation of the Whole Army, and the Exhibition of Fine Arts Works of the Whole Army, etc.

Publications of the museum includeWall Maps of Chinese Revolutionary Army,Selected Maps of Chinese Revolutionary Wars,Artwork Florilegium of the Military Museum, andWar of Resistance Against Japan, etc.

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