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Guizhou Geological Museum

Updated: 2008-01-18 18:00:39

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The Guizhou Geological Museum, located at Guiyang City of Guizhou Province, is a geological museum of provincial level in China. It used to be the Exhibition Hall of the Geological Bureau of Guizhou Province founded in 1958. In the few years after 1966, almost all its 3,000 geological samples were lost. It was reconstructed again in 1980 and completed in 1985.

The museum has collected 4,000 pieces of various kinds of geological samples. Among them are the unique crystal cluster of cinnabar known both at home and abroad, the crystal cluster of mercury ore weighing a few hundred kilograms, the complete fluorite with large crystals, Iceland spar, calcite, the crystal in the shape of crystal cluster; the superfine gold ore first found in China and the gold extracted from it; and the fossils of Baoyang fish found in the Devonian System, the large Guizhou coral found in the Carboniferous System and Hu's Guizhou dinosaur.

The museum is composed of the Exhibition Room of Mineral Resources, the Exhibition Room of Ancient Extinct Animals and Plants and show windows for science popularization. Exhibitions on the related topics are held on irregular intervals. The exhibits on display in the Exhibition Room of Ancient Extinct Animals and Plants can fall into eight categories, namely, energy minerals, ferrous metals, nonferrous metals, rare-earth metals, special nonmetals, chemical raw materials, auxiliary materials for metallurgy and building materials, over 40 minerals and 300 samples and products in total, of which the mercury placer, phosphorus mine, bauxite, manganese mine, stibium mine, coal mine and superfine gold mine are very unique. On display in the Exhibition Room of Ancient Extinct Animals and Plants are mainly the fossil samples of trilobite, graptolite, coral, gastral cavity, cephalopod, vertebrate, plants and micro ancient living things, ten categories in total, of which the development of the coral and gastral cavity fossils of the late Palaeozoic Era is the best.

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