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Site of the Zunyi Conference


The Site of the Zunyi Conference is located at No. 80, Hongqi Road, Zunyi City, Guizhou Province. In 1955, the Memorial of Zunyi Conference was built here. In 1964, Mao Zedong inscribed the name of the memorial.

The site is a two-storeyed wood-and-brick building built in the 1930s. It was originally the private mansion of Bai Huizhang, a warlord and the Commander of the Second Division, No.25 Army of Qian (Guizhou Province) Army. There is a corridor on the first floor, and the floors have colonnades on all sides. The building is 25.75 meters wide, 16.95 meters deep, and 16.95 meters high, and covers an area of 528 square meters.

In early January of 1935, the First Army of the Red Army arrived in Zunyi after the Long March. From January 15 to 17, the Central Government held the Extended Conference of the Political Bureau, also called Zunyi Conference, here. It animadverted the Left opportunism in the Fifth Anti Encirclement Campaign and at the beginning of the Long March. It confirmed the military principles of Mao Zedong, and elected him a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau. It replaced the top commanding right of Bo Gu and Li De with the Central Commanding Group consisting of Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and Wang Jiaxiang. Zunyi Conference is an important event in the history of the Communist Party of China. It saved the party, the Red Army and the revolution. It is a vital turning point in the history.

The meeting room of the conference is a rectangular hall on the second floor in the east, covering 27 square meters. In the west wall there are some windows, and two closets against the east wall with a clock hanging on it. In the middle of the hall there is a rectangular table surrounded by a circle of foldable chairs. In the building there are the former residences and offices of Zhou Enlai, Vice Chairman of the Central Military Committee, Zhu De, Commander in Chief of the Red Army, Liu Bocheng, General Chief of Staff, Ye Jianying, Chief of Staff, Peng Dehuai, Commander of the Third Corps, and Yang Shangkun, the Comissar, etc.

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