Zhuihu(Bowed String Instrument),also known asZhuiqinorZhuizi, is altered fromSanxian(a three-stringed musical instrument), can be used to perform solo and tutti. SinceZhuihuhas a wide diapason, a soft sound and relatively high sound volume, performers can use it to imitate the voice of human and animals.
There is one legend about the origin ofZhuihu
. In the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), Emperor Kangxi forbad all the opera performances in the Forbidden City and artists had to earn a living on the street. One day, an artist'sSanxian
was bitten by mice and the covering leather of the sound box got a hole in it. In order not to miss the performance, the artist had to use a thin wooden piece to replace the leather and used a bow fromHuqin
(two-stringed Chinese violin) to play theSanxian
. This musical instrument, that can not only play music but also imitate human voice, was later calledZhuihu