Situated 108'37"-117'50" east
longitude and 3'58"-20'20" north latitude, Hainan Province, at the southernmost
tip of China, is separated from Guangdong Province on the mainland by the
Qiongzhou Straits. Established as a province in April 1988, Hainan covers an
area of 34,000 square kilometers, including the Hainan Island and the Xisha,
Nansha, and Zhongsha islands and their surrounding territorial waters.
Hainan enjoys a tropical monsoon climate and
is frost-free all year round. It has a mean annual temperature of 22.5oC-26oC,
and a mean annual precipitation of 1,500-2,600 mm. It is frequently visited by
typhoons throughout the year.
Administrative Division and
is divided into 2 prefecture-level cities,
7 county-level cities, 4 counties and 6 autonomous counties, with a population
of 7.87 million by 2000, mainly including ethnic groups of Han, Li,
Hui, Miao and Zhuang.
Nowadays, Hainan cuisine is very popular all
over the world, especially the fresh and delicious seafood.
Qiong Opera, songs and dances of Li and Miao
What particularly attracts tourists, both
domestic and foreign, to Hainan is its characteristic beauty of south China with
sunshine, beaches, seawater and hot springs. As a result if recent efforts,
Hainan has completed and put into use a series of holiday resorts with
high-level hotels, becoming a fabulous competitor in the tourist market of East
Asia. Leading festivals are the Hainan International Festival of Coconuts and
Third Day of Third Lunar Month Festival.
About 6,000 years ago, there were ancient
people living in present Hainan area. Hainan first entered written history in
110BC, when the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD) established a garrison there. In the
Yuan dynasty (1271-1368) it became an independent province, but was placed under
Guangdong Province in 1370 during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
Hainan Province, also called Qiong, is
located in the southernmost part of China. The Hainan Island is like a circle
island. From the center spread outward, the rugged hills, plains and sea were
linked one after another. Zengmu'ansha is the hottest place in the southwest.
Established in 1988, Hainan Province is the
largest special economic zone and the youngest province in China. It abounds in
minerals and resources of animals and plants, especially its rich petroleum and
natural gas. With the high speed of economic development, it becomes the key
production base of tropical products in China, including sugar cane, peanuts,
coco, coffee, sisal, pineapple, seafood, precious timber and plastic, etc.
The Hainan Island has a coastal line of
1,580 kilometers, and it enjoys a tropical monsoon climate and is frost-free all
year round. The climate is warm all year round with sunshine most of the times.
The forest area covers more than 50% of the total island. Its natural beauty has
gained a good reputation among the visitors and has been widely known around the
world. People call it "the Oriental Hawaii".
With blue clear sea and fresh air, the
island is covered with beautiful tropical plants. There are many famous places
to visit, such as the Wugong Temple (the Five Officials Memorial Temple), the
scenic spot of Tianya Haijiao (the Remotest End of the Earth and Corner of the
Ocean), the Dadong River and the Yalong Bay in Sanya City.
Hainan is a multinational region, and there
the ethnic villages of Li and Miao are very typical. The hospitable villagers
will treat you with traditional food as well as wonderful singing and dancing
performances. So the Li and Miao Villages in Hainan are well worth a visit.