Archaeological site of the
Location: Yuyao, Zhejiang Province
Period: 5000-3000 BC
Excavated in 1973
Significance: It is the first find of the
mid-Neolithic culture in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The large amount of cultural
relics unearthed at the Hemudu Site bears proof that both the Yangtze River Valley and the Yellow
River Valley are the cradles of the ancient Chinese civilization.
A site of the New Stone Age, the Hemudu Site
is under the state protection. It was located in the northeast of the
village of Hemudu in Yuyao City and first discovered in 1973.
|Two-eared black pottery basin with fish design and the
pattern of the ear of rice: food container (up, height 16.2 cm); Bone si,
a spade-shaped farm tool: tool (bottom, length 16
Hemudu Site, covering an area of about
40,000 square meters, is an important village site in the New Stone Age in
China. It is traced back to
6,000 and 7,000 years ago. The site is found to have four cultural layers
overlapped. The third and the fourth layers are the earliest cultural layers of
the New Stone Age that have been found in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River
and along the southeast coast of China.
More than 6,700 pieces of relics has been
unearthed after two rounds of exhumations including production tools, living
utensils and construction component with mortice and tenon joints, and thousands
of pottery ware and bone ware with fine decorative grain engraved on them. The
mortice and tenon unearthed here are the earliest of the wooden architecture
that have ever been found in China. The remains of the cultured padding grains, wood structure, textile
technology and quants are also the earliest found in China. Among the remains of animal bones of
pigs, dogs and water buffaloes reared by the primitive men.
Museum of the Hemudu Site
The Museum of the Hemudu Site is the theme
museum based on the Hemudu Site. It was completed in May 1993. With an area of
26,000 square meters, the museum consists of two sections: the unearthed site
and the cultural relics discovered. The Hemudu Site Museum has attracted more and more tourists
from both home and abroad.