Hua Tuo,with a style name Yuanhua, also called Fu,was born approximately at
the beginning of the second century AD and died before the 13th year of the
Jian'an reign (208). He was from Qiao County of the Pei Kingdom (now Bo County
of Anhui Province). He was an eminent medical scientist in the Eastern Han
Dynasty (25-220), especially good at surgical operation using anesthesia.
When Hua Tuo was young, he studied in Xuzhou City of Jiangsu Province,and was
skilled in several branches of learning. But he declined the conscription of the
court to work as an officer and kept practicing medicine among the common people
for a long time, and his footprints covered many places including present-day
Anhui, Shandong, Jiangsu, Henan and other provinces. He was deeply respected and
loved by the common people.
In his late years, he was summoned by Cao Cao, a prominent legislator during
the Three Kingdoms Period (220-280), to Xuchang of Hannan Province to treat the
latter's wind syndrome of the head. Unwilling to work as Cao Cao's private
doctor, Hua Tuo found an excuse to ask for leave and return to his home. He
refused several times to come back to Xuchang, which angered Cao Cao. Finally,
Cao Cao found an excuse to have him killed.
Hua Tuo advocated cure illness through exercise. He insisted that physical
exercise was the key to strengthening the body, and movement could promote blood
circulation and speed up metastases. And he used the sport of five animals
created by himself to cure illness.